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Gum Diseases in New York

Many people in the New York metro area have some form of gum disease. Some estimates are as high as three quarters of the population currently suffer from gum diseases, varying from simple, temporary inflammation of the gums to serious conditions such as the rotting of the gums and bones supporting the teeth. Left untreated or treated inadequately, certain conditions can lead to tooth loss and pain.

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"My smile is very important to me. I never really had huge issues with my teeth but I did have some spacing that I was not happy with. Deciding to get invisalign was one of the best decisions I've ever made. The hard part was finding a facility that would tend to my needs and make me feel at home. I researched for quite some time before actually picking a place, but I finally ended up choosing Luxury Dentistry.”

- Darween F.

A full service dental office is your best companion in combating your gum disease. Luxury Dentistry NYC is a classy, family owned boutique dental practice on Manhattan’s Upper East Side. We offer comprehensive dental care, from checkups and dental cleanings to a range of corrective and cosmetic procedures, meeting all of our patients’ needs. Our gum specialist, Dr. Julie Pastagia, studied and was trained at the best Northeastern institutes, including NYU, Harvard and University of Washington, and she is experienced in diagnosing and treating gum problems.

Common Types of Gum Diseases

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. Common symptoms of gingivitis include gums that become red, swollen, and begin to bleed easily. This does not include any bone or tissue loss. Gingivitis is considered a mild form of gum disease and can be treated and reversed by practicing good oral hygiene. Periodontitis is a more serious and advanced form of gum disease. Left untreated or with inadequate treatment, gingivitis leads to periodontitis. Symptoms include inflammation of the tissues around the tooth, pocket forming (characterized by the gums pulling away from the teeth and forming spaces), and the breakdown of connective tissue and bone. If periodontitis is left untreated or treated inadequately, it can result in tooth loss. Symptoms of both gingivitis and periodontitis include persistent halitosis, red or swollen gums, tender or bleeding gums, painful chewing, loose or sensitive teeth, and receding gums or teeth that appear longer. You should contact our office if you experience these symptoms.

Main Risk Factors

There are multiple risk factors for gum disease. Inadequate oral hygiene is one reason - the human mouth is full of bacteria that create a sticky, colorless plaque on gums and teeth. Any plaque that is not removed by brushing and flossing will harden and turn into tartar. Tartar is a tough material that brushing cannot remove. Tartar removal requires professional cleaning by a dentist or a dental hygienist. The environment inside the mouth is also a risk factor. Eating sugary or acidic foods will help the bacteria that cause periodontal disease multiply rapidly. Tooth restorations that are poorly contoured and tooth abnormalities will provide spaces where food can get stuck and promote the growth of plaque. Wisdom teeth can be a potential breeding ground for disease causing bacteria since they tend to be more difficult to keep clean. Gum disease is more likely to occur with wisdom teeth that have broken through the gum or are impacted. Female hormones are another risk factor in the development of gum disease. Hormonal changes around the time of menstruation, during pregnancy, during menopause, and with the use of oral contraceptives containing the synthetic progesterone desogestrel make women more likely to develop periodontal disease.

There are a number of family factors that contribute to gum disease. Up to thirty percent of the population may be genetically predisposed to developing gum disease during their lifetime. Studies have found that if parents have periodontal disease, the children are twelve times more likely to develop gun disease. Long term intimacy between spouses or partners can also contribute to gum disease if one partner is infected. Smoking and tobacco use is another risk factor in the development of gum disease. Smoking reduces oxygen in gum tissue and triggers an overproduction of interleukins. Interleukins are harmful to cells and tissue in the gum when produced in excess and cause tissue inflammation. Smoking frequency is positively correlated to periodontal disease risk.

Other medical conditions are also a risk factor for periodontal disease. Diabetes, osteoporosis, herpes, HIV, and autoimmune diseases can make someone more susceptible to gingivitis.



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Scheduling and maintaining regular dental visits is vital to maintaining healthy teeth. Schedule your appointment with our gum specialist at Luxury Dentistry NYC to experience unparalleled and premium service. From the spa like atmosphere to our concierge services, customer satisfaction is guaranteed. Patients fly in from all over world to the practice. Do not be surprised if you recognize some well known faces while waiting for your turn.

Written by Dr. Steven Davidowitz. Updated on 1/8/2020.

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